The following is a listing of Bible Truths for
John 4:4-42, the story of Jesus and the Samaritan woman at the well.
- Jesus gives an eternal life with God. John 4:14.
- Jesus ministered to outcasts of Jewish society, which indicates that (a)
all people are important to God and (b) Jesus wants us to show love to
everyone, including our enemies. John 4:7-9
- Jesus is the Messiah. John 4:25-26.
- True worshipers worship God in spirit and truth. John 4:23.
- Telling about Jesus leads others to believe in Jesus. John 4:39.
The following Background
Information is helpful in
understanding the story.
|Jew - A descendant of Israel's southern kingdom
of Judah who lives by the laws of the covenant made by God with the nation of Israel at Mount Sinai.|
|Samaritan - A resident of Samaria very much
|Relations between Jews and Samaritans - As
can be seen in John 4:9, Jews and Samaritans were not the best of friends
during New Testament times. Both claimed to be true descendants of the
nation of Israel. Samaritans descended from the northern kingdom of
Israel while the Jews descended from the southern kingdom of Judah. The Jews believed Jerusalem was the only true place
of worship while the Samaritans located the true place of worship at Mt.
Gerizim. In 128 BC, the Jews destroyed the Samaritan temple at Mt.
Gerizim. While the actual reasons for the hatred between the two
groups is not known, it is known that the Jews believed the Samaritans were
not pure from a religious viewpoint.|
|Messiah - Messiah comes from a Hebrew word
which means "anointed." The Greek word for Messiah is "Christos,"
which is translated "Christ" in English. The importance of
the term comes from the custom of anointing with oil a person assuming an
important office such as king or priest. For example, God told Samuel
to anoint Saul king over Israel (1 Sam. 9:16-17). During New Testament
times, the Jews were hoping that God would anoint a descendent of David as
king of Israel for the purpose of restoring Israel's righteousness and
freeing Israel from foreign domination. This divinely appointed king
would be the Messiah. Thus, Jesus did not fit the Jewish expectation
of a Messiah.|
|For more information, see the Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, edited by Joel B. Green
and Scot McKnight.|
The following activities can be used to teach the Bible
Bible Story Activities.
|Rank the success of six adults to learn that
the value of a person should be based on an eternal life with God and not
|Divide the children into groups and ask them to complete the ranking.|
|Write their rankings on the board.|
|Then explain that the success of an adult should only be based on
whether they have accepted Jesus as savior.|
|Assets or income should not be considered.|
|Bill, Bob, and Susie get an equal success ranking because they have
all accepted Jesus as savior. |
|Mary, Betty, and Larry get an equal ranking at the bottom of the
success ladder because they have not accepted Jesus as savior.|
|Point out that even though Betty believes in God, she is still not a
success because she has not accepted Jesus as savior.|
to a Christian Fortune. Suggestions for phrases to use include.
|Jew - lived by the laws of the covenant made by God with the nation of Israel at Mt. Sinai.|
|Samaritan - A resident of Samaria very much disliked by the Jews.|
Life in Biblical Times.